Para Hegel, por su propia concepción de la filosofía como el conocimiento efectivo de lo que es en verdad, la teoría acerca de la realidad requiere indagar lo que es el conocimiento, el saber, el pensar recuérdese que la relación ser – pensar ha sido una cuestión fundamental a lo largo de la historia de la filosofía. [59]:548 Early the following year, Hegel's sister Christiane committed suicide by drowning. Es un periodo que se prolonga desde la llegada del Cristianismo hasta la época actual de Hegel, se entiende. Hegel was fascinated by the works of Kant, Rousseau and Johann Wolfgang Goethe and by the French Revolution. El Estado es la realización de la libertad, la unión de la voluntad universal del Espíritu y de la voluntad subjetiva del individuo. During this period, he composed the text which has become known as the Life of Jesus and a book-length manuscript titled "The Positivity of the Christian Religion". "[51] Martin Heidegger observed in his 1969 work Identity and Difference and in his personal Black Notebooks that Hegel's system in an important respect "consummates western philosophy"[52][53][54] by completing the idea of the logos, the self-grounding ground, in thinking through the identification of Being and beings, which is "the theme of logic", writing "[I]t is... incontestable that Hegel, faithful to tradition, sees the matter of thinking in beings as such and as a whole, in the movement of Being from its emptiness to its developed fullness. En la dialéctica de Hegel queda patente, pues, una voluntad de actuación sobre una realidad escindida, contradictoria y alienaba que lucha por superar esa situación. El término positividad viene a significar un 'límite' que se le impone a la vida desde una realidad impuesta de un modo exterior y por la fuerza de la tradición, sin estar fundada y justificada ante la propia razón. Esta concepción se opone a la interpretación empírica de la experiencia. 2018 Principios de la filosofía del derecho. Hegel's posthumous works have had remarkable influence on subsequent works on religion, aesthetics, and history because of the comprehensive accounts of the subject matters considered within the lectures, with Heidegger for example in Poetry, Language, Thought characterizing Hegel's Lectures on Aesthetics as the "most comprehensive reflection on the nature of art that the West possesses—comprehensive because it stems from metaphysics."[123]. Y tiene esa estructura, en definitiva, porque la realidad es dialéctica y, por tanto, el conocimiento también es dialéctico, en cuanto que es una dimensión de lo real y en cuanto que se configura dialécticamente al manifestar adecuadamente la naturaleza dialéctica de la realidad. This period saw the publication of his second major work, the Science of Logic (Wissenschaft der Logik; 3 vols., 1812, 1813 and 1816), and the birth of his two legitimate sons, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm (1813–1901) and Immanuel Thomas Christian (1814–1891). The infinitude of spirit is its inwardness, in an abstract sense its pure inwardness, and this is its thought, and this abstract thought is a real present infinitude, while its concrete inwardness consists in the fact that this thought is Spirit. Aunque muchas veces sus teorías discreparon de las de los mencionados pensadores, la influencia que ejercieron sobre él es evidente en sus escritos. ): Texto extraído de: Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, Texto extraído de: Biografía de Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Texto extraído de: GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH HEGEL, Texto extraído de: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich HEGEL,, La teoría del idealismo absoluto, la dialéctica y la dialéctica del amo y el esclavo. Faktisk gav han anstød til et gennembrud i teorien om bevidsthedens udvikling. El espíritu en su andadura histórica no cesa de destruirse y construirse constantemente. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, nado en Stuttgart (Baden-Württemberg) o 27 de agosto de 1770 e finado o 14 de novembro de 1831 en Berlín, foi un filósofo alemán e un importante persoeiro do idealismo alemán.Acadou gran sona no seu tempo e, aínda que influíu principalmente na tradición continental da filosofía, volveuse tamén cada vez máis influente na tradición analítica [1]. And although the Logic's table of contents minimally resembles Kant's table of categories, the four headings of Kant's table (quantity, quality, relation, and modality) do not play, in Hegel's dialectic, the organizational role that Kant had in mind for them, and Hegel ultimately faulted Kant for copying the table of judgments from the "modern compendiums of logic" whose subject matter is, Hegel said, in need of "total reconstruction. Hegel no se fija en lo penoso del camino histórico, sino en la meta, en el fin con que se han llevado a cabo esos sucesos desagradables. Además, el campesinado aún era muy numeroso, la industrialización era mínima y carecía de una clase media poderosa que pudiese transformar ese estado de cosas. According to Hegel, Heraclitus's "obscurity" comes from his being a true (in Hegel's terms "speculative") philosopher who grasped the ultimate philosophical truth and therefore expressed himself in a way that goes beyond the abstract and limited nature of common sense and is difficult to grasp by those who operate within common sense. His father, Georg Ludwig, was Rentkammersekretär (secretary to the revenue office) at the court of Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (27. elokuuta 1770 Stuttgart – 14. marraskuuta 1831 Berliini) oli saksalainen filosofi, jonka vaikutus on luultavasti ollut vahvimmillaan metafysiikassa, historianfilosofiassa sekä poliittisessa filosofiassa.Häntä pidetään saksalaisen idealismin tärkeimpänä edustajana. [99] Broadly speaking, the term was split, like Hegel's followers, to the political left and right. (Karl Barth. A diverse range of individuals including Arthur Schopenhauer, Karl Marx, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Bertrand Russell, G. E. Moore, Franz Rosenzweig, Eric Voegelin and A. J. Ayer have challenged Hegelian philosophy from a variety of perspectives. For Hegel, analysis or comprehension of a thing or idea reveals that underneath its apparently simple identity or unity is an underlying inner contradiction. Si la historia ha transcurrido racionalmente, esto significa que ha transcurrido de acuerdo con unas categorías o leyes, y es necesario que el historiador se enfrente a la historia con esas armas para poder explicar de forma convincente y racional la historia. (Hegel, "How the Ordinary Human Understanding Takes Philosophy as displayed in the works of Mr. Krug", Jon Bartley Stewart. Este es algo así como el material con el que se construye la historia y llega al fin último del Espíritu. Es el segundo periodo, que contiene la historia del mundo grecorromano. En la relación individuo – colectividad prevalece el elemento comunidad. The mystical writings of Jakob Böhme had a strong effect on Hegel. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (Stuttgart, 1770. augusztus 27. By 14 November, Hegel was dead. In Hegel's draft manuscripts written during his time at the University of Jena, his notion of "Geist" was tightly bound to the notion of "Aether", from which he also derived the concepts of space and time, but in his later works (after Jena) he did not explicitly use his old notion of "Aether". Here, Hegel published his Philosophy of Right (1821). 2013 Fenomenología del Espíritu. El conocimiento dialéctico es un conocimiento absoluto; y no sólo porque llega a saber la totalidad de lo real, sino porque además sabe cada realidad particular en relación al todo y como formando un momento del todo. Es la reconciliación del hombre con la realidad, la reconciliación del sujeto pensante con el objeto pensado. Hegel distingue tres estadios en este progreso de la conciencia en libertad que constituye la trama de la historia: ¿Qué medios utiliza el espíritu para realizar este fin? El Estado es la perfecta expresión de la racionalidad y de la libertad, y, por tanto, representa la forma más alta del espíritu objetivo. In 1831, Frederick William III decorated him with the Order of the Red Eagle, 3rd Class for his service to the Prussian state. That history should resemble this dialectic indicated to Hegel that history is something rational. An individual's "supreme duty is to be a member of the state" (Elements of the Philosophy of Right, section 258). Se inicia la conciencia de la libertad, y por ello se lucha por la libertad. 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